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The Ultimate Guide To Understanding Taxes & Personal Finances

The Ultimate Guide To Understanding Taxes & Personal Finances Money management can seem complicated and tricky if you’re not a numbers person. However, understanding how to manage your personal finances…


November 18, 2022

Written by John Wonneberger

The Ultimate Guide To Understanding Taxes & Personal Finances

Money management can seem complicated and tricky if you’re not a numbers person. However, understanding how to manage your personal finances and taxes is crucial to your long-term success.

Here, we’ll walk you through everything you need to know about this matter and how to get started. We’ll provide information about the type of taxes you pay, definitions, FAQs, details about the areas of personal finances, and the importance of professional assistance. Keep reading!

Everything You Need To Know About The Types Of Taxes You Pay

Taxes are a complex and often confusing topic. Still, it’s essential to understand the different types of taxes you pay and how they work. There are three types of taxes: income, sales, and property.

State And Federal Income

State and federal income taxes are used for different purposes, but both contribute to your overall tax burden.

Your federal income taxes fund various government initiatives, including Social Security, health and safety net programs, and national security. Candidates frequently discuss their proposals for who should pay higher taxes and who should receive more tax breaks when it comes to elections. However, without the support of Congress, not even the president could make changes to the federal tax code.


Large-scale government operations, including education, health services, corrections, and transportation, are predominantly supported by state income taxes. In contrast to the federal income tax, state income taxes tend to vary.

Look at the total you paid or the refund you received once you’ve finished filing your federal and state tax forms. You can also change your withholdings to take out more (or less) money to avoid being slammed with a bill or ending up “loaning” the government too much money throughout the year. 


Simply put, a property tax is a tax you pay on something you own, usually your home. Every state has some type of property tax. Still, they are typically imposed by the city, county, or even the school district. 


In reality, state property taxes pay for services like public schools, law enforcement, and road improvements while only contributing around 1% of the state’s total revenue and 50% of local revenue.


Like property taxes, sales taxes originate at both the state and local levels; there is a statewide sales tax in 45 states, and local sales taxes are approved in 38. Sales taxes, of course, give those states and local governments the money they need to fund all the local services we rely on, including fire departments and public schools. 

This tax gives you the most control out of all the ones you pay. Personal taxes play a significant role in financial planning. Tax laws are constantly changing, so it’s important to work with a professional who stays up-to-date on the latest developments.

Personal Finances 101: Definitions & Frequently Asked Questions

What Is Personal Finance?

Personal finance is the process of planning and managing your money to achieve personal economic satisfaction. This involves all financial decisions and activities of an individual or household, including budgeting, savings, protection, and investment planning.

The Importance Of Handling Personal Finances

There are many reasons why it’s crucial to understand and keep track of your personal finances.

  • First and foremost, it can help you stay out of debt or become debt-free.
  • Secondly, it can help you save money for short-term and long-term goals, such as buying a house or retiring comfortably.
  • Finally, good financial habits can lead to a better credit score.

The Impact Of COVID-19 On Personal Finances

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted many Americans’ personal finances. Job loss and reduced income have forced many people to reevaluate their spending and saving habits.

For some, this has meant making difficult choices, such as whether to pay for essentials like rent or food or take on debt to cover expenses. The creation of financial plans and budgets has become even more critical in light of the pandemic.

Is Technology A Shortcut For A Better Management?

Having a smartphone can simplify and automate many of the tasks associated with personal finance. Almost every process is done digitally nowadays or at least requires two-factor authentication. 

Using a laptop or phone makes it easier to access and track your investments, monitor your credit score, and stay on top of bills.

Understanding The Areas Of Personal Finance

In this section, we’ll explore the areas of personal finances. We’ll cover essential details of each area to ensure you have a strong foundation for planning your finances; read on.


Income is a source of money that a person receives and uses to provide for themselves and their family. It serves as the foundation of our financial planning approach. Common sources of income are:

  • Bonuses
  • Salaries
  • Pensions
  • Dividends
  • Hourly wages

All of these forms of income produce money that a person might use for investing, saving, or spending. This means that the first stage on our personal financial roadmap is income.


Spending covers all costs incurred by a person to purchase consumable items such as products and services or anything else that’s not an investment. There are two types of expenses: cash (paid for with cash on hand) and credit (paid for by borrowing the money). 

Usually, people use most of their income for spending. Common sources of spending are:

  • Rent
  • Travel
  • Taxes
  • Mortgage payments
  • Entertainment
  • Food
  • Credit card payments

The sum of money someone has available for saving and investing is decreased by all the charges mentioned above. The person has a deficit if expenses are higher than earnings. 

As crucial as earning money is, managing expenses is even more vital. This is because most people have more influence over their discretionary spending than they do over their income. Good spending habits are essential for managing your personal finances well.


Savings are additional funds set aside for upcoming purchases or investments. If a person has more money than they need, the extra can go toward investments or savings. The management of this extra money is a crucial component of personal finance. Common forms of savings includ

  • Physical cash
  • Checking bank account
  • Savings bank account
  • Money market securities

To manage their financial flow and the short-term disparity between their income and expenses, the majority of people keep at least some savings. 

However, as savings provide little to no return compared to investments, having excessive amounts of savings might actually be considered a negative approach


Buying assets that are anticipated to create a return of investment involves the expectation that, over time, the investor will get back more money than they initially put in.

Investments involve risk, and not all investment actions really end up earning something. Here is where the connection between risk and return is noticeable. Typical forms of investing include:

  • Mutual funds
  • Private companies
  • Real estate
  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Art
  • Commodities

The most complex aspect of personal finance is investing, which is also one of the topics where consumers seek expert assistance most frequently. The risk and reward of various investments vary greatly, and most people look for guidance with this aspect of their financial plan.


Personal protection refers to a broad range of items; these can be used to prevent an unanticipated incident. Common protection products include:

  • Estate planning
  • Life insurance
  • Health insurance

Another area of personal finance that frequently requires expert guidance and can be rather complex is this one. A professional must conduct a wide range of analyses to determine a person’s insurance and estate planning needs accurately.

The Planning Process For Personal Finance

Having a good and stable financial management system is vital for individuals. These plans have to be created by experts like bankers and investment advisors. They should help their clients understand goals and need to develop a complete and comprehensive course of action. This process involves:

  • Assessment
  • Goals
  • Plan development
  • Execution
  • Monitoring and reassessmen

The Importance Of Professional Assistance

Personal finance is a complicated topic; most people need professional assistance to develop and implement a good financial plan. There are many different aspects of personal finance, and each one needs to be considered in light of an individual’s specific circumstances. 

A good financial planner will help clients understand all the relevant issues and make informed decisions about their money.

Nesso Group Provides Trustworthy Tax Services To Help You Avoid Issues Down The Road

Understanding your finances doesn’t have to be daunting. Nesso Tax is a reliable tax company based in Connecticut that has been helping individuals and businesses with their taxes for many years. We offer different tax services to help you manage your personal finance needs. 

At Nesso Group, we specialize in management, coordination, and helping you understand your finances. We’re committed to providing the best possible service and ensuring that our clients are satisfied. Our team of experts will work with you to develop a personalized plan that meets your specific needs. 

Nesso Tax provides high-level communication, guaranteeing relief through planning and foresight, avoiding financial stress. Contact us today to learn more about our services and how we can help you with your personal finance needs. We’re ready to give you the right tools and support to start this financial journey!


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