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Medicare Enrollment Periods: What You Need To Know

Medicare is one of the most important government-run programs in the United States. It provides health insurance for people over 65 and those with certain disabilities. Medicare consists of four…

August 23, 2022

Written by Gary Martin

Medicare is one of the most important government-run programs in the United States. It provides health insurance for people over 65 and those with certain disabilities. Medicare consists of four parts: Part A (hospital insurance), Part B (medical insurance), Part C (Medicare Advantage), and Part D (drug coverage), each with its own rules and benefits. Your needs and circumstances will determine which plan is ideal for you. 


There are specific periods when you can enroll in Medicare. You may have to pay a late enrollment penalty if you don’t sign up during these periods. Some enrollment periods depend on your age and whether you’re already receiving Social Security benefits, while others start and end on specific dates each year.


This blog post will explain everything you need about Medicare enrollment periods. We’ll cover who can enroll in Medicare, the benefits, and when each enrollment period takes place. Whether you’re starting to think about Medicare or right in the middle of the enrollment process, keep reading.

Who Can Enroll In Medicare?

You’re eligible for Medicare if you’re:

  • 65 years of age or older.
  • Under 65 years of age and have a disability.
  • Any age with End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).


If you or your spouse worked and contributed to Medicare taxes for at least ten years and are 65 or older, you’re qualified for premium-free Part A coverage. You can get Part A coverage without paying a premium if:

  • You get benefits from the Social Security or the Railroad Retirement Board.
  • You’re eligible for retirement benefits from Social Security or the Railroad Retirement Board but haven’t filed for them.
  • You or your spouse worked for a government agency (federal, state, local, or tribal) or nonprofit organization that paid Medicare taxes.
  • You’re younger than 65 and have qualified for Social Security or Railroad Retirement Board disability benefits for at least 24 months.
  • You’re a kidney dialysis or transplant patient.


However, even if you’re not eligible for premium-free Part A coverage, you can still enroll in Part A by paying a monthly premium. Unlike with Part A, everyone who wants Part B must pay to receive benefits. Private insurance companies provide Medicare Part C and D, and each company has its different premiums.

Benefits Of Enrolling In Medicare

There are many benefits to enrolling in Medicare. Some of these benefits include:


First, Medicare can help you pay for your medical expenses. Medicare Part A covers hospital care, skilled nursing facility care, home health care, and hospice care. Part B covers doctor’s office visits, preventive services, outpatient care, mental health services, and some home health care. Part C (Medicare Advantage) is an alternative to Original Medicare that bundles Parts A and B together and often adds extra coverage like prescription drug coverage or dental and vision insurance. Part D partially covers the cost of your prescription medication.


Another benefit of enrolling in Medicare is that it can give you confidence. Knowing that you’re covered can help you relax and enjoy your retirement. Nobody knows when they might get ill or injured, but with Medicare, you’ll have coverage if something happens. 


Medicare can also be very convenient since all your health insurance needs are met in one place. Original Medicare (Parts A and B) allows you to see any doctor or other provider who accepts Medicare patients. With Part C, you usually have to use doctors and other providers in the plan’s network, but some plans also offer out-of-network coverage.

The Medicare Enrollment Periods

You can’t enroll in Medicare whenever you want. It’s essential to know when each enrollment period takes place so that you can sign up for Medicare coverage when you’re eligible.

The Initial Enrollment Period

The initial enrollment period is the seven months you first become eligible for Medicare. This period includes the three months before the month you turn 65, your birthday month, and the three months after your birthday month.


You’ll be automatically enrolled in Part A and B if you’re already receiving Social Security payments when you reach 65. If not, you must enroll in Medicare actively during your initial enrollment period. You can’t be denied Part A or B coverage during your initial enrollment period, even if you have a pre-existing condition.

Open Enrollment Period

From October 15 to December 7, you can sign in, switch, or drop your Medicare plan. As long as you request a plan before December 7, your new coverage will start on January 1. Some actions you can take during open enrollment include: 

  • Change from Original Medicare to a Medicare Advantage plan.
  • Switch Medicare Advantage plans.
  • Switch from a Medicare Advantage plan back to the Original Medicare.
  • Switch from a Medicare Advantage plan that doesn’t offer prescription drug coverage to one that does.
  • Switch from one Medicare Advantage plan that covers prescription medicines to one that doesn’t.
  • Join a Part D Prescription Drug plan.
  • Change from one Part D Prescription Drug plan to another.
  • Drop your Part D Prescription Drug plan.

Medicare Advantage Open Enrollment Period

This period is similar to open enrollment but only applies to Medicare Advantage plans. Every year, this period extends from January 1 to March 31. During this time, you can:

  • Switch to a different Medicare Advantage plan.
  • Drop your Medicare Advantage Plan and return to Original Medicare (you can also join a Part D prescription drug plan).

Special Enrollment Period

You have the chance to enroll in Medicare Advantage or Part D coverage outside of the open enrollment period if you meet certain conditions, such as:

  • You Change Where You Live: For example, if you move out of the service area of your current Medicare Advantage plan or into a place that offers new Medicare Advantage plans.
  • You Have Other Health Insurance Coverage: If you have group health coverage through an employer or union after you turn 65, and that coverage ends or changes.
  • You Have The Opportunity To Get Other Health Insurance Coverage: If you become eligible for Medicaid or a program like the Veterans Administration. You can’t have Medicare and Medicaid simultaneously, so you must drop your Medicare Advantage plan to become eligible for Medicaid.
  • Your Plan Changes: If your Medicare Advantage plan leaves the Medicare program or stops offering the type of coverage you have.

The Consequences Of Not Enrolling In Medicare On Time

If you don’t enroll in Medicare during your initial enrollment period, you may have to pay a late-enrollment penalty. The penalty amount is added to your monthly premium (which depends on your chosen plan).


In addition, if you wait to enroll in a Medicare plan and then try to sign up later, there’s no guarantee that insurance companies will accept your application. You may undergo medical underwriting, possibly resulting in higher premiums or being denied coverage altogether. Therefore, you should enroll when first eligible.

How To Enroll In Medicare

There are a few different ways that you can enroll in Medicare. As mentioned, if you’re already receiving Social Security benefits, you’ll automatically be enrolled in Part A and B. If not, you can sign up for Medicare online by calling the Social Security Administration or visiting your local Social Security office. After you enroll, expect to receive your Medicare card in the mail within a few weeks.


When it comes to Medicare Advantage and Part D, you’ll first need to enroll in Original Medicare (Parts A and B). Once enrolled, you can look for insurance providers that offer these plans in your area. Learn more about the different plans, compare them, and decide which one is right for you. When you’ve found a plan you like, you may enroll directly with the provider through their website, by phone, or with the help of a licensed insurance agent.

How Working With A Medicare Expert Can Help You

There are many moving parts when it comes to Medicare, which can make enrolling in and understanding the program daunting. However, working with a Medicare expert can help take some of the guesswork out of it. They will be able to answer your questions, help you understand your options, and guide you through the enrollment process.


A good Medicare expert will:

  • Be up-to-date on the latest changes to Medicare.
  • Have experience with the different insurance companies and plans in your area.
  • Provide unbiased advice so you can make the best decision for your individual needs.
  • Help you compare plans and find one that fits your budget and coverage needs.


If you have questions about enrolling in Medicare or which plan is right for you, don’t hesitate to reach out to a Medicare expert.

Nesso Senior Benefits – We Help You Enroll In The Right Health Insurance Plan

At Nesso Senior Benefits, we’re a team of Medicare experts in Connecticut who help our clients navigate the complexities of Medicare and keep them updated on new information. Our partners analyze your unique needs to identify how you can best benefit from Medicare’s resources. Choosing a health insurance plan can be confusing and overwhelming, but we’re here to assist you.


We have extensive knowledge and experience in all aspects of Medicare, and we’ll work with you to find a plan that meets your budget and coverage needs. Our top priority is to help you make informed decisions for the years ahead. At the Nesso Group, we aim to relieve you of any needless worry while always putting your best interests first.



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