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A Guide To 401k Planning

When it comes to planning for a successful business, you may look to achieve financial freedom for both you and your employees. Many businesses are able to offer 401Ks as…


April 15, 2022

Written by John Wonneberger

When it comes to planning for a successful business, you may look to achieve financial freedom for both you and your employees. Many businesses are able to offer 401Ks as a way to help improve this process. A 401K is an investment plan for employees that allows them to save towards their retirement and take advantage of tax benefits.

This blog post will explain how 401k plans work and discuss the benefits of contributing to a 401k plan. We will also provide tips for businesses that want to start a 401k plan for their employees.

What Is A 401k Plan? 

A 401k plan is a retirement savings plan sponsored by an employer. It’s a qualified tax-deferred savings plan available to employees in the United States. Employees can choose to have money deducted from their paycheck and deposited into their 401k account. 

The United States Congress created the plan to provide Americans with a retirement savings plan sponsored by their employers. It gains its name from section 401k of the Internal Revenue Code. 

How Does A 401K Plan Work? 

The 401k plan works similarly to other tax-advantaged plans. Although, there are some key differences, such as withdrawal rules contribution limits, among other things. When you deposit money into a 401k account, it is invested into different options, such as stocks, mutual funds, or bonds. 

The money in the account grows over time as the investments perform well. You don’t pay taxes on the money until you withdraw it from the account. This tax-deferred growth can be a great way to save for retirement. This plan provides two tax-saving advantages: 

Traditional 401k

A traditional 401k is the most common type of 401k plan. Employees can choose to deduct their contributions from their paycheck before taxes are taken out. This reduces the amount of income tax employees owe on their wages. Employers may also make matching or non-matching contributions to employee accounts.

Roth 401k

A Roth 401k is a newer type of 401k that allows employees to contribute after-tax dollars into their accounts. The funds in a Roth 401k grow tax-free and can be withdrawn at any time without penalty, provided the account has been open for five years or more. 

It’s important to note that not all employers provide a Roth account as an alternative. However, if it is offered, the employee can choose between both plans or combine them up to their tax-deductible annual limits. 

401k Contribution Limits

The maximum amount a team member can contribute to a 401k plan each year depends on their income. As of 2022, the maximum amount is $20,500 for a Traditional or Roth 401k. People aged 50 or older can add an additional $6,500 to their accounts. 

401k Employer Contributions

Employers are not required to make contributions to employee 401k accounts. Still, many do so as a way of attracting and retaining employees. Employers may match employee contributions or contribute a fixed percentage of an employee’s salary each year.

401k Withdrawals

Withdrawals from a 401k account are subject to income taxes. Employees can begin taking withdrawals from their 401k at age 59 ½ without paying the penalty. Withdrawals made before age 59 ½ may be subject to a penalty. 

Employers sometimes permit hardship withdrawals for unforeseen financial expenditures, such as medical and funeral expenses or purchasing a house. This can assist you in avoiding the early withdrawal penalty. However, you will still be subject to taxes on the withdrawal.

Starting A 401k Plan

If you’re an employer and are interested in starting a 401k plan for your employees, there are several things you need to do:

Choose A Provider: Many companies offer 401k plans, so it’s important to shop around and find the right one for your business.

Notify Your Employees Of The New Plan: You’ll need to provide information about the plan, such as how much employees can contribute and when.

Employees Can Save For Retirement On A Tax-Deferred Basis: Employers may offer matching or non-matching contributions, increasing savings even more. – Funds in a 401k account grow tax-free until they are withdrawn. – Withdrawals from a 401k account are penalty-free after age 59 ½.

401k Plan Eligibility

Unlike an IRA, a 401(k) plan is not simply open to anybody. Employees who are 18 years old or older are generally restricted from making contributions. Many plans demand a minimum age of 21 and a waiting period ranging from 1 to 12 months before enrollees may contribute to the plan and make payments.

401k Employee Benefits

Providing a 401k plan to your employees comes with many benefits, both for your business and your workers. Among the benefits we have: 

  • Offering a 401k plan to your employees attracts more talent and makes your business more competitive. 
  • Retirement plans remain affordable by implementing recordkeeping and payroll integration.
  • Efficiently and effectively managing a 401k plan results in happy employees and lessens employer liability.
  • When 401k plans are properly managed, they improve employee morale and reduce turnover rates.
  • Contributions to 401ks are pre-tax, which lowers taxable income for employees.
  • Roth 401ks allow employees to make after-tax contributions, resulting in tax-free funds growth.

What If I Move To A New Employer?

If you leave your job, you have the option to take your 401k with you or roll it over into an IRA. If you’re under the age of 59½, you’ll likely owe taxes and a penalty if you cash out your 401k.

Generally, it’s best to leave your 401k with your former employer or roll it over into an IRA. This allows the money to continue to grow tax-deferred and avoid triggering a hefty tax bill. However, there are some situations where cashing out a 401k may be the best option, such as when you’re facing a financial emergency. You can consult with tax services professionals if you have any doubts.


It’s also possible to roll 401k funds into an IRA, which allows the money to continue to grow tax-free. However, it’s important to note that not all plans offer this option. Employees should consult with their provider if they’re interested in rolling over their 401k funds.

Investment Choices

To make the most out of your 401k, you have to understand the kind of investments you can make to optimize your business taxes plan. For this, it’s important to know what types of funds you can choose from.

Fund Types

There are a few different types of 401k funds to choose from. The most common are stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. Stocks are riskier but have the potential for higher returns, while bonds are less risky but offer lower returns. Mutual funds give you exposure to a mix of stocks and bonds, which can be a good option if you’re unsure what type of investment is right for you.

Conservative Fund

A conservative fund minimizes risk by relying on high-quality bonds and other safe options. Your funds will grow at a slow and consistent rate, and you will rarely lose the money you put in.

Value Fund

A value fund invests in stocks that are undervalued by the market. These stocks have the potential to go up in value, leading to higher returns for investors. However, value stocks are also more volatile than other types of stocks, so there is a greater risk of losing money.

Balanced Fund

A balanced fund invests in a mix of stocks, bonds, and other assets. This type of fund offers moderate risk and returns, making it a good choice for investors who want to diversify their portfolios.

Target-Date Fund

A target-date fund is one that automatically rebalances itself as you get closer to retirement. These funds are designed to become more conservative over time, which can help reduce the risk of losing money in the market. Target date funds are a good option for investors who want a hands-off approach to investing.

Things To Consider Before Investing

When you’re looking at different investment options, there are a few things you’ll want to keep in mind. First, think about your risk tolerance. If you’re not comfortable with risk, then you may want to stick with safer investments like bonds or mutual funds.

Another thing to consider is your investment goals. What do you hope to achieve with your investments? Are you looking for short-term gains, long-term growth, or a mix of both? Knowing what you want from your investments will help you choose the right type of investment.

Finally, remember that no one can predict the future of the stock market. Investing always involves some degree of risk, so be prepared to lose some money along the way. But with the right plan in place, you can minimize those risks and grow your money over time.

Set Up A 401k Plan For Your Business

If you’re looking to set up a 401k plan for your employees, Nesso Tax has your back. Our team can work hard to provide what you’ll need to set it up. Our group of professionals will ensure all your needs are met.

At Nesso Group, we maintain open communication and walk you through the whole process, so you’re able to make informed decisions regarding your business. Don’t hesitate to contact us to get started with your planning as soon as possible. 


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